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Appendix 6 Evolution of the EU

Member state

Date of
application

Date of
accession

Institution joined

Population (millions)

Belgium

 

1958

EEC

10.1

Germany

 

1958

EEC

81.4

France

 

1958

EEC

57.8

Italy

 

1958

EEC

57.2

Luxembourg

 

1958

EEC

0.4

Netherlands

 

1958

EEC

15.4

Denmark

1961

1973

EC

5.2

Ireland

1961

1973

EC

3.6

UK

1961

1973

EC

58.1

Greece

1975

1981

EC

10.4

Portugal

1977

1986

EC

9.8

Spain

1977

1986

EC

39.1

Austria

1989

1995

EU

8

Finland

1992

1995

EU

5.1

Sweden

1991

1995

EU

8.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Candidate

Date of application

Population (millions)

   

Cyprus

1990

0.7

 

 

Latvia

1995

2.5

 

 

Malta

1990

0.4

 

 

Lithuania

1995

3.7

 

 

Hungary

1994

10.2

 

 

Romania

1995

22.7

 

 

Poland

1994

38.6

 

 

Slovakia

1995

5.4

 

 

Bulgaria

1995

8.4

 

 

Czech Republic

1996

10.3

 

 

Estonia

1995

1.5

 

 

Slovenia

1996

2

 

 

Notes

1 Norway has twice rejected the offer of membership in its referendums of 1972 and 1994.
2 Greenland withdrew in 1986 after being granted home rule by Denmark.
3 Morocco was rejected by the Commission as a non-European state in 1987.
4 East Germany joined in 1990 on the reunification of Germany.
5 Switzerland applied in 1992, but shelved its application after a referendum.
6 Turkey applied in 1987, but has not yet been offered negotiations.